GLOSSARY

ALTERNATE CURRENT AND CONTINUOUS CURRENT

ALTERNATING CURRENT: It is the electric current in which the magnitude and direction vary cyclically. The waveform of the most commonly used alternating current is that of a sinusoidal wave (figure), since a more efficient transmission of energy is achieved. Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corriente_alterna

CONTINUOUS CURRENT: It is the electric current that, while flowing, retains the same sense. In this way it differs from the alternating current, which periodically changes its meaning. Source: https://definicion.de/corriente-continua/

INPUT AND OUTPUT DEVICES:
Input Device: These are those used to enter data into the computer for processing. The data is read from the input devices and stored in the central or internal memory. The input devices convert the information into electrical signals that are stored in the central memory.
Source: https://www.monografias.com/trabajos33/devices/devices.shtml

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Output Device: They are those that allow to represent the results (output) of the data process. The typical output device is the screen or monitor. Other output devices are: printers (print results on paper), plotters (plotters), speakers, among others.
Source: https://www.monografias.com/trabajos33/devices/devices.shtml

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MULTIMETER:
Also nominated tester, is an electrical and portable device, which allows a person to measure different electrical magnitudes that are part of a circuit, such as currents, powers, resistances, capabilities, among others.
Source: https://como-funciona.co/un-multimetro/

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POWER CABLE:
A power cable refers to the cable that connects the computer to the electrical system and that gives power (electricity) to it.
Source: http://adsileoncis396.blogspot.com/2011/06/cable-de-poder.html

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SOURCES OF POWER (AT, ATX, MINIATX). REAL WATTS?
It is a device that converts the alternating voltage of the supply network, in one or several voltages, practically continuous, that feed the different circuits of the electronic device to which it is connected (Computer, television, printer, router, etc.).
Source: http://conceptoshardware-ruth.blogspot.com/2011/06/fuentes-de-poderat-atx-miniatx-watts.html

AT: Motherboard. The two remaining types, of which there is a variable amount, feed the peripherals not plugged into a slot of the motherboard, such as hard drives, CD-ROM drives, floppy drives, etc.
Source: http://conceptoshardware-ruth.blogspot.com/2011/06/fuentes-de-poderat-atx-miniatx-watts.html

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ATX: It is very similar to the AT, but it has a series of differences, both in its operation and in the voltages delivered to the motherboard. The ATX source actually consists of two parts: A main source, which corresponds to the old AT source (with some aggregates), and an auxiliary source.
Source: http://conceptoshardware-ruth.blogspot.com/2011/06/fuentes-de-poderat-atx-miniatx-watts.html

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MINIATX: It is a power source for a motherboard format fully developed via Technologies. Although it is a proprietary source format, its specifications are open. In fact, other manufacturers have products in this format.
Source: http://conceptoshardware-ruth.blogspot.com/2011/06/fuentes-de-poderat-atx-miniatx-watts.html

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REAL WATTS: It is the average and constant level of power delivered by an audio amplifier. This value is scientifically proven and is based on a mathematical formula. When speaking of REAL WATERS the term RMS is applied, that is, if an amplifier in its specifications indicates that it has 100 RMS watts, it is indicating its real power.

Source: http://www.electronica2000.info/2007/09/18/rms-y-pmpo/

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SOURCE CONNECTORS (ATX 20/24 PIN, ATX P4, MOLEX, SATA, PCI EXPRESS)

ATX 20/24 PIN: It is the one that feeds the motherboard, formerly of 20 pins, the current standard provides 24 pins. It is almost always composed of a block of 20 pins, to which we can add a block of 4 pins. This in order to respect the compatibility with the old plates with 20 pin connectors.
Source: http://definicionesparatuglosario.blogspot.com/p/conectores-fuente-atx-2024-pines-atx-p4.html

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ATX P4: “ATX P4” (or also ATX 12V), connects to the motherboard and is exclusively for powering the processor, without it it is impossible to start the computer
Currently most motherboards have 8 pins, due to the increase in CPU power.
Source: http://definicionesparatuglosario.blogspot.com/p/conectores-fuente-atx-2024-pines-atx-p4.html

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Molex: The most classic and still present in all computers, sometimes used directly on the motherboard, serves to connect the hard drive and all types of drives (reader, recorder).
Source: http://definicionesparatuglosario.blogspot.com/p/conectores-fuente-atx-2024-pines-atx-p4.html

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Sata: It is present in all modern computers, it is used to power hard drives and recorders under the SATA standard.
Source: http://definicionesparatuglosario.blogspot.com/p/conectores-fuente-atx-2024-pines-atx-p4.html

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PCI EXPRESS: The power of graphic cards does not stop increasing, many of them need a direct power supply of the main block (sometimes even two). This is the function of this connector. Initially of 6 pins, more and more we can find them of 8.
Source: http://definicionesparatuglosario.blogspot.com/p/conectores-fuente-atx-2024-pines-atx-p4.html

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MAINBOARD (MOTHER CARD)
The motherboard is the main component of a personal computer
It is the central or primary circuit board of a computer system or other complex electronic system. A typical computer with the microprocessor, main memory, and other basic components of the motherboard.
Source: https://www.monografias.com/trabajos14/tarjeta-madre/tarjeta-madre.shtml

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USB PORTS 1.0 – 2.0 – 3.0, TYPE-A, TYPE-B, TYPE-C, USB MINI, USB MICRO, PS / 2, ETHERNET (RJ45, SPEED (10, 100,1000)). SERIAL, PARALLEL, EXTERNAL SATA

USB 1.0: Called low speed, is the first that was established in 1996, and due to its low speed (0.192MG / s) is only used for human interface devices such as mice, keyboards, TrackBall, etc. Source: https://www.emezeta.com/articulos/usb10-usb11-usb20-usb30

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USB 2.0: It is a high speed interface (60MG / s) that manages to satisfy the needs of transfer and begins to be commercialized for external hard drives, pendrives, etc. Source: https://www.emezeta.com/articulos/usb10-usb11-usb20-usb30

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USB 3.0: For 2009, a new specification in which manufacturers are already testing and aims to reach 10 times the speed of its processor: 600MB / s. A speed that will keep us perplexed. Source: https://www.emezeta.com/articulos/usb10-usb11-usb20-usb30

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VIDEO PORTS (S-VIDEO, HDMI, VGA, DVI, SCART, DISPLAY PORT, MINI DISPLAY PORT)


S-Video (super video):
It transports a video signal (image) of very good quality, separating the brightness (brightness) of the color. It has a circular shape and four pins: two for the color and two for the brightness.
Source: https://sga.ua.es/es/apoyo-docencia/equipos-audiovisuales/caracteristicas-y-guias-de-uso/conectores-mas-utilizados/conectores-y-adaptadores-mas-utilizados.html# adapter-MINIDISPLAY-PORT

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HDMI:
It is translated as High Definition Multimedia Interfface and it is a standard that allows to transmit uncompressed digital audio and video through a single cable. This connection offers a bandwidth of up to 5 gigabytes per second, which is why it is used to send high definition signals, 1920×1080 pixels (1080i, 1080p) or 1280×720 pixels (720p), from a TV tuner or a DVD player to a compatible television with high definition. The standard HDMI connector has 19 pins.
Source: https://sga.ua.es/es/apoyo-docencia/equipos-audiovisuales/caracteristicas-y-guias-de-uso/conectores-mas-utilizados/conectores-y-adaptadores-mas-utilizados.html# adapter-MINIDISPLAY-PORT

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  VGA (RGB):
Connect the fixed or portable computer with the video projector. It is a signal of great quality. The connector has 15 pins in three rows of 5 each.
Source: https://sga.ua.es/es/apoyo-docencia/equipos-audiovisuales/caracteristicas-y-guias-de-uso/conectores-mas-utilizados/conectores-y-adaptadores-mas-utilizados.html# adapter-MINIDISPLAY-PORT

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DVI:
The digital visual interface (DVI) is a video interface designed to obtain the highest possible viewing quality on digital displays such as flat-panel liquid crystal monitors and digital projectors.
Source: https://sga.ua.es/es/apoyo-docencia/equipos-audiovisuales/caracteristicas-y-guias-de-uso/conectores-mas-utilizados/conectores-y-adaptadores-mas-utilizados.html# adapter-MINIDISPLAY-PORT

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Euroconnector (scart):
It carries audio and composite video signals. The connector has a rectangular shape, with 21 pins. It is commonly used to connect a television with a DVD, a video, a TV decoder, etc. The name of euroconector comes from its adaptation to European standards of homologation.
Source: https://sga.ua.es/es/apoyo-docencia/equipos-audiovisuales/caracteristicas-y-guias-de-uso/conectores-mas-utilizados/conectores-y-adaptadores-mas-utilizados.html# adapter-MINIDISPLAY-PORT

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Monitors CTR, LCD, Plasma, LED (OLED, AMOLED, Super Amoled), Curves, Tactile, Multitactil.
The CRT monitor:
is a device that allows the display of images from the computer, through the video port to the monitor circuits. Once the information from the computer has been processed, the graphics are created by means of a cannon that launches electrons against a phosphor wall where they collide generating a small light of color.
Source: http://www.informaticamoderna.com/Monitor_CRT.htm

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LCD
It is a thin and flat screen formed by a number of color or monochrome pixels placed in front of a light source or reflector. It is often used in battery-powered electronic devices because it uses very small amounts of electrical energy
Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parttalla_de_cristal_l%C3%ADquido

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PLASMA
A plasma screen is a technology recently developed for the purpose of offering high quality television on large screen equipment, from 37 inches. Its system consists of multiple and tiny cells that are placed between two glass panels composed of a mixture of gases.
Source: https://www.definicionabc.com/tecnologia/plasma.php

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LED
It is characterized by being composed of light emitting diodes or LEDs, derived from the English acronym LED. This type of screens should not be confused with LCD or Plasma screens with LED background lighting, currently used in laptops, monitors and televisions. Where the last mentioned, if they contain LEDs, more only as backlight or backlight (in English), to increase the brightness, sharpness, contrast, etc., of these equipment with this excellent technology.
Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pantalla_LED

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OLED
It is a type of diode that is based on an electroluminescent layer formed by a film of organic components that react to a certain electrical stimulation, generating and emitting light by themselves.
Source:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diodo_org%C3%A1nico_de_emisi%C3%B3n_de_luz

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AMOLED
It is an OLED-based screen manufacturing technology. It has an upward importance due to its use in mobile devices, such as mobile phones.
Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/AMOLED

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SUPER AMOLED
It is a screen technology (variant of AMOLED) mainly for use on mobile devices and tablets (see the list at the end for examples). One of the main differences of other screen technologies is that the layer that detects the touches is integrated into the screen, instead of being superimposed on the top.
Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Super_AMOLED

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CURBS


They provide a more immersive experience than the traditional flat screen ones. When the screen is curved, the represented image seems to be much more real than when viewed on a flat screen. Something that is accentuated, even more when we combine this feature with the use of a screen that has an image format of 21: 9
Source: https://hardzone.es/2018/05/12/monitores-curvos-ventajas-inconvenientes/

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TACTILE
It is a screen that by means of a tactile contact on its surface allows the entry of data and orders to the computer. This contact can also be done with pencil or other similar tools. Currently there are touch screens that can be installed on a normal screen.
Source: https://www.lawebdelprogramador.com/diccionario/2065-Patalla-tactil.html

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MULTITACTIL
The name by which a person-computer interaction technique is known and the hardware that applies it. Multi-touch technology consists of a touch screen or touchpad that simultaneously recognizes multiple points of contact, as well as the software associated with it that allows interpreting these simultaneous interactions.
Source: https: //es.wikipedia.org / wiki / Multit% C3% A1ctil

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HD SCREEN RESOLUTIONS
It is an image, video or sound system with higher resolution than the standard definition, reaching resolutions of 1280 × 720 pixels and 1920 × 1080 pixels. If in addition the video was in 3D, it would be 3DHD.
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alta_definici%C3%B3n

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HDR
It allows to show a greater range of colors on the screen, with more depth of image. This means, in a few words, that the whites will be clearer, the average shades will be more faithful to the actual colors and above all, the blacks will be darker, which translates into a greater sharpness of the image. The HDR offers 1024 degrees for each fundamental color, while the HD does not exceed 256 tones. When a game is shown in HDR, the images are livelier, the contrast is greater and the appearance is more realistic.
Source: https://www.hobbyconsolas.com/reportajes/resolucion-4k-uhd-hdr-que-es-como-funciona-consolas-66850

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FULL HD
It is a type of resolution used in high definition television (HDTV). The number 1080 represents 1080 horizontal lines that account for vertical resolution, while the letter p refers to progressive scan, as opposed to interlaced scanning.
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1080p#cite_note-Afterdawn-1

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WUXGA
It is a graphic display mode of computers, including video cards and monitors

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2K
2K refers to the horizontal resolution of a video with a width of 2048 pixels without specifying the vertical size. Unlike 4K, it has no other alternative definition.
Source: https://gestion.pe/tecnologia/significa-1080p-2k-uhd-4k-8k-nnda-nnlt-250865

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4K
It refers to the 4000 pixels that the image would have in this resolution. This term was proposed by the Digital Cinema Initiatives (DCI) for products with more than 4096 pixels in its horizontal length.
Source: https://gestion.pe/tecnologia/significa-1080p-2k-uhd-4k-8k-nnda-nnlt-250865

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8K
is the maximum resolution so far that can be found on a television, but there is still a long way to go for these devices to become popular as it is difficult to find audiovisual products in this format.
Source: https://gestion.pe/tecnologia/significa-1080p-2k-uhd-4k-8k-nnda-nnlt-250865

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PUERTO FIREWIRE IEEE 1394
It is a type of connection for diverse platforms, destined to the entrance and exit of data in series at great speed. It is usually used for the interconnection of digital devices such as digital cameras and video cameras to computers.
Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/IEEE_1394

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PROCESSORS
It is the one that refers to the different types of information systems articles that are part of a microprocessor that is part of a CPU or micro that is the brain of the computer and of all the information processes from the simplest to the most complex
Source: https://conceptodefinicion.de/procesador/

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MICROPROCESSORS
It is responsible for running the programs, from the operating system to user applications; it only executes programmed instructions in low level language, performing simple arithmetic and logical operations, such as adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing, binary logics and memory accesses.
Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microprocesador

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ZOCALOS
It is an electromechanical system of support and electrical connection, installed on the motherboard, which is used to fix and connect a microprocessor. Source: http://definicionesparatuglosario.blogspot.com/p/procesadores-microprocesadores-zocalos.html

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MULTICORE
A multi-core microprocessor is one that combines two or more independent processors in a single package, often a single integrated circuit. A dual-core device contains only two independent microprocessors. In general, multi-core microprocessors allow a computational device to display a certain form of thread-level parallelism (TLP) without including multiple microprocessors in separate physical packets without including multiple microprocessors in separate physical packets.
Source: http://definicionesparatuglosario.blogspot.com/p/procesadores-microprocesadores-zocalos.html

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HYPE READY
It is a registered trademark of the Intel company to name its implementation of the Simultaneous Multithreading technology also known as SMT. It allows programs prepared to run multiple threads, process them in parallel within a single processor, increasing the use of processor execution units.
Source: http://definicionesparatuglosario.blogspot.com/p/procesadores-microprocesadores-zocalos.html

MICROPROCESSORS ARCHITECTURES OF 32 AND 64 BITS

32 bits
The data and address buses are usually wider than 32 bits, even though they are stored and manipulated internally in the processor as 32-bit quantities. For example, the Pentium Pro is a 32-bit processor, but the external address bus has a size of 36 bits, and the external 64-bit data bus. Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/32_bits

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64 BITS
Your data bus or external address bus may have a different size, larger or smaller and the term is usually used to describe the size of these buses as well. For example, many current machines with 32-bit processors use 64-bit buses (eg the original Pentium and later CPUs) and may occasionally be known as “64 bits” for this reason
Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/64_bits

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Memory RAM DDR, DDR2, DDR3, DDR4.
DDR

Also called DDR1 memory, the acronym DDR comes from (“Dual Data Rate”), which translated means double data transmission (this name is because it incorporates two channels to send the data simultaneously): they are a type of memories DRAM (RAM of cells built with capacitors), which have memory chips on both sides of the card and have a special connector of 184 terminals for slots of the main card (Motherboard).
Source: http://nitolu.blogspot.com/2014/11/la-memoria-ram-ddrddr1-ddr2-ddr3-ddr4.html

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DDR2
It comes from (“Dual Data Rate 2”), which translated means double transmission of second generation data (this name is due to the fact that it incorporates two channels to send and also receive the data simultaneously): they are a type of DRAM memories ( RAM of cells built with capacitors), which have memory chips on both sides of the card and have a special connector of 240 terminals for slots of the main card (Motherboard).
Source: http://nitolu.blogspot.com/2014/11/la-memoria-ram-ddrddr1-ddr2-ddr3-ddr4.html

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DDR3
It comes from (“Dual Data Rate 3”), which translated means double transmission of data third generation: they are the most modern standard, a type of DRAM (RAM of cells built on capacitors), which have the chips of memory on both sides of the card and have a special connector of 240 terminals for slots of the main card (Motherboard).
Source: http://nitolu.blogspot.com/2014/11/la-memoria-ram-ddrddr1-ddr2-ddr3-ddr4.html

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DDR4
It comes from (“Dual Data Rate 4”), which translated means double data transmission fourth generation: it is the standard developed by the firm Samsung® for use with future technologies. Like its predecessors, it is based on the use of DRAM technology (RAM of cells built on the basis of capacitors), which have the memory chips on both sides of the card, and according to the images released by the website, 240 terminals, which are specialized for the slots of the main cards (Motherboard) of new generation.
Source: http: //nitolu.blogspot.com/2014/11/la-memoria-ram-ddrddr1-ddr2-ddr3-ddr4.html

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SATA, PATA or IDE connectors
SATA

The sata connector is very thin and lightweight, and barring some new introductions in the present, it does not have a safe that affirms it in the motherboard or in the device, which makes it a very weak connector, too exposed to unplugging or doing bad contact with a simple transfer of a PC
Source: http://gelaesyo.blogspot.com/2011/10/conectores-ide-ata-sata-pata.html

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PAW
It is an abbreviation for adjunct of advanced technology in parallel. It is a regular interface that is used within PCs to connect all kinds of storage devices such as hard drives, CD or DVD drives and solid state disks to the motherboard.
Source: http://gelaesyo.blogspot.com/2011/10/conectores-ide-ata-sata-pata.html

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SDI
In general, the IDE / ATA connector on the motherboard is a simple 40-pin connector to which a flat cable is fastened, which goes from the motherboard to the disk drive. These pins are a subset of the 98 contacts of the 16-bit ISA slots. The reason is that a disk controller never needs more than 40 ISA bus signals.
Source: http://gelaesyo.blogspot.com/2011/10/conectores-ide-ata-sata-pata.html

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Expansion slots AGP, PCI, PCI Express
AGP
It means Advanced Graphics Port and is a system used for the connection of peripherals on the motherboard that transfers data from the microprocessor to the peripheral that is connected to the bus. The AGP BUS offers several types of operation:
• AGP 1X with speed of 66Mhz transfer of 264MB / s and voltage of 3.3V.
• AGP 2X with speed of 133Mhz transfer of 528MB / s and voltage of 3.3V.
• AGP 4X with speed of 266Mhz transfer of 1GB / s and voltage of 3.3 or 1.5V.
• AGP 8X with speed of 533Mhz transfer of 2GB / s and voltage of 0.7 or 1.5V.
Normally the motherboards only bring an AGP BUS slot.

Source: https://www.partesdeunacomputadora.net/motherboard/puertos-pci-agp-y-pci-express

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PCI
It means Interconnected Peripheral Component and it is a 32-bit communication bus that performs its functions at 33Mhz, transferring data to and from the RAM memory at 133Mbits / s, a satisfactory speed even for PCI-type 2D graphics cards. Thanks to the PCI bus, the processor can work in other more complex functions while it develops manipulations of texture and calculation of polygons for example. The PCI slots vary depending on the bits to be transported, as is the case with the 32-bit PCI slots and the 64-bit PCI slots that are the most recent.
Source: https://www.partesdeunacomputadora.net/motherboard/puertos-pci-agp-y-pci-express

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PCI EXPRESS
The latest technology, came to replace the PCI and AGP buses, has great transfer speed. It has two speeds, the PCI Express 1X with 133Mhz speed for devices such as audio cards and TV. And the PCI Express 16X with speed of 2128Mhz for graphics cards.
Source: https://www.partesdeunacomputadora.net/motherboard/puertos-pci-agp-y-pci-express

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Dedicated video card integrated in the board (CrossFire bridge, SLI bridges).
CROSSFIRE BRIDGE

It is the name that ATI / AMD has given to its dual GPU system, designed in response to the SLI system of N Vidia. Although the purpose of both systems is the same and they have many things in common, the system to achieve it differs from one system to another.

Above all, they have in common that they only work in PCIe graphics, in the case of CrossFire on motherboards and certified CrossFire graphic cards.
Source: https://www.taringa.net/+info/sli-o-crossfire-que-son-para-que-sirven-entra_umgtq

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SLI BRIDGES
It is a system that allows you to connect two graphics cards to produce a single signal by adding the power of both.

It is a parallel processing application developed in its initial version in the year 1.998 by 3Dfx for its Voodoo2 cards, which when adding the processing capacity of both cards generates an increase in the processing capacity equal to the sum of both cards.
Source: https://www.taringa.net/+info/sli-o-crossfire-que-son-para-que-sirven-entra_umgtq}

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Transmission Media (Wi-Fi (a, b, c), Bluetooth, IrDA, RJ11, RJ45, RS-232)
WiFi A

The first revision of the 802.11 standard was born in 1999 and it operates over the 5 GHz frequency band, with a maximum speed of 54 Mbps.

Source: http://adsi-g3g.blogspot.com/2018/08/20-transmission-media-wi-fi-b-c.html

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WiFi B
The 802.11b revision started with a great general acceptance due to the fact that operating in the 2.4 GHz band reduced the attenuation eliminating many interferences improving the quality of the Wi-Fi signal.

Source: http://adsi-g3g.blogspot.com/2018/08/20-transmission-media-wi-fi-b-c.html

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WiFi C

The new WiGig standard brought the great speeds to wireless connections and proof of this is the achievement achieved with Wi-Fi 802.11ac.

Source: http://adsi-g3g.blogspot.com/2018/08/20-transmission-media-wi-fi-b-c.html

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Bluetooth

is an industrial specification for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPAN) created by Bluetooth Special Interest Group, Inc. that enables the transmission of data between different devices through a radio frequency link in the ISM band of 2.4 GHz.

Source: http://adsi-g3g.blogspot.com/2018/08/20-transmission-media-wi-fi-b-c.html

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IRDA

Infrared Data Association (IrDA), “Infra-Red Data Association”, defines a physical standard in the form of infrared transmission and reception of data. IrDA was created in 1993, between: HP, IBM, Sharp and others. This technology is based on light rays that move in the infrared spectrum.

Source: http://adsi-g3g.blogspot.com/2018/08/20-transmission-media-wi-fi-b-c.html

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RJ11

RJ11 plug The RJ11 connector (RJ stands for Registered Jack) is the most used connector for telephone lines. It is similar to an RJ45 connector but smaller. On a computer, it is usually used to connect the modem.

Source: http://adsi-g3g.blogspot.com/2018/08/20-transmission-media-wi-fi-b-c.html

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RJ45

  It is a physical interface used to connect computer networks with structured cabling (categories 4, 5, 5e, 6 and 6a). It has eight pins or electrical connections, which are normally used as twisted pair cable (UTP) ends. It is part of the United States Federal Code of Regulations

Source: http://adsi-g3g.blogspot.com/2018/08/20-transmission-media-wi-fi-b-c.html

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RS-232

(Recommended Standard 232, in Spanish: “Recommended Standard 232”), also known as EIA / TIA RS-232C, is an interface that designates a standard for the exchange of serial binary data between DTE (Data Terminal Equipment, “Terminal Data Equipment “)

Source: http://adsi-g3g.blogspot.com/2018/08/20-tr

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Cooling Systems (Dissipater, Fan, Liquid).

Heatsink

The heat sink of the unit acts as a thermal conductor. This means that it collects all the heat that the processor emits by transporting it to areas with a lower temperature gradient to try to reach a thermal equilibrium. Heat sinks use aluminum or copper.

Source: https: //www.profesionalreview.com/hardware/mejores-disipadores-ventiladores-y-refrigeracion-liquida/

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Fan
The traditional air cooling uses fans. The most basic heatsink may contain a single fan or several fans installed. Another important point is the incorporation inside the box of several fans and create a forced air flow that will allow a greater movement of it through the exchange surfaces

Source: https://www.profesionalreview.com/hardware/mejores-disipadores-ventiladores-y-refrigeracion-liquida/

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Liquida
It is an alternative to traditional air fans. It involves the circulation of refrigerants through the specific components of our computer to collect all the heat through a liquid element. Each equipment generates heat, but certain circumstances, such as the unfavorable external environment or using too much processing resources, can result in overheating. Excess heat can damage internal components and that is why a cooling system is a fundamental component.

Source: https://www.profesionalreview.com/hardware/mejores-disipadores-ventiladores-y-refrigeracion-liquida/

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Hard Drives Connections (Sata, IDE) Technologies (HDD, SCSI, SSD, SSHD).

SATA

(Serial ATA) is the one currently used by the latest generation desktop and laptop computers, it is a novel interface that uses a serial bus for data transfer, of course faster and more efficient than the IDE system. For SATA there are three versions of speed SATA 1 has a transfer rate of up to 150MB / s, SATA 2 with transfer of up to 300MB / s which is the most sold in the market and finally the SATA 3 with a transfer rate of up to 600MB / s that is just beginning to come to market, the SATA version of hard drives is much more compact than the IDE and allows hot-plug

Source: https://www.partesdeunacomputadora.net/disco-duro/tipos-de-conexion-de-un-disco-duro

Resultado de imagen para imagen de discos duros conexiones Sata

IDE

(Integrated Drive Electronics) or ATA (Advanced Technology Attachment) was until 2004 the most versatile standard interface and therefore the most used by the teams, they are wide, flat and very resistant.

Source: https://www.partesdeunacomputadora.net/disco-duro/tipos-de-conexion-de-un-disco-duro

HDD
The traditional mechanical disk drives or HDD (Hard Disk Drives) are probably already known worldwide and consist of a series of discs that rotate at high speed on an axis, while a magnetic head changes position to write or read data of the surface of the discs.
Source: https://computerhoy.com/noticias/hardware/que-sistema-almacenamiento-es-mejor-ssd-sshd-hdd-54120

SSD es el sistema de almacenamiento más rápido.


SCSI
It is the acronym of Small Computers System Interface and it is a standard that is used to define the connection of devices to the motherboards of PCs. Do not be fooled by the word Small since this standard is designed above all to be used in large servers. In Spanish it is usually pronounced as “escasi”.
Source: https://www.aboutespanol.com/que-es-un-disco-duro-scsi-841173

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SSD
Solid state drives or SSDs (Solid State Drive) that use non-volatile memory chips to store the data. Since the entire reading and writing process is performed by electrical impulses, the SSD disks do not have moving parts inside.
Source: https://computerhoy.com/noticias/hardware/que-sistema-almacenamiento-es-mejor-ssd-sshd-hdd-54120

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SSHD
The third storage system is hybrid solid-state drives or SSHD (Solid-State Hybrid Drive). This type of storage is a hybrid that uses the technologies of SSD and HDD to make them work together in a single device.
Source: https://computerhoy.com/noticias/hardware/que-sistema-almacenamiento-es-mejor-ssd-sshd-hdd-54120

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Multi Card Reader PC (SM, SD, MS (Memory Stick), Memory Stick PRO (MS-PRO), MS-Duo, microSD, miniSD, Multi Media Card (MMC), eSATA)

SD
SD cards are small storage devices used to increase the storage memory capacity of tablets, smartphones and cameras, among others, and they are also one of the most convenient alternatives for transporting data, thanks to their size and convenient prices.
Source: https://tecnologia-facil.com/que-es/que-es-lector-tarjetas-sd/

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MS
It is a removable flash memory card format, released by Sony in October 1998, and is also used in general to describe the entire Memory Stick family. In addition to the original Memory Stick, this family includes the Memory Stick PRO, a revision that allows for greater storage capacity and a faster file transfer speed; Memory Stick Duo, a small format version of the Memory Stick; And the even smaller Memory Stick Micro.
Source: https: // educalingo.com / en / dic-en / memory-stick

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MS-Duo
later version that allows higher storage capacity and higher file transfer speeds, the Memory Stick Pro Duo, in addition to a new series that allows for faster reading and transfer, Memory Stick Pro-HG Duo, a smaller version that the Memory Stick and the Memory Stick Micro or M2 of similar size to a microSD card and very used in mobile telephones.

Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Memory_Stick

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Micro SD
It is a format for flash memory cards derived from SanDisk’s TransFlash. It is especially used in mobile phones, portable GPS devices, MP3 players, video game consoles and USB memory drives. MP3, video game consoles ..
Source: https://www.ecured.cu/MicroSD

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Mini Sd
It is a memory card format.
Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/MiniSD

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MMC
It is a standard memory card. Practically the same as Secure Digital, it lacks the security tab that avoids overwriting the information recorded in it.

Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/MultiMediaCard

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Reading and Burning Units (CD, DVD, BlueRay).

CD

The CD-ROM drive allows you to use optical disks with a higher capacity than 3.5-inch floppies: up to 700 MB. This is its main advantage, since CD-ROMs have become the standard for distributing operating systems, applications, etc. The use of these units is very widespread, since they also allow to read compact audio discs.

Source: http://adsileoncis396.blogspot.com/2011/06/unidades-lectoras-y-quemadoras-cd-dvd.html

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DVD

The DVD-ROM drives are apparently the same as the CD-ROM drives, they can read both DVD-ROM and CD-ROM discs. They differ from the CD-ROM reading units in that the support used has up to 17 GB capacity, and in the speed of reading the data. The speed is expressed with another number of the “x”: 12x, 16x … But now the x refers to 1.32 MB / s. Thus: 16x = 21.12 MB / s.

Source: http://adsileoncis396.blogspot.com/2011/06/unidades-lectoras-y-quemadoras-cd-dvd.html

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BLUERAY

It is a device that mounts in the bays of 5.25 “of the cabinet, basically integrates within itself a special blue laser beam emitter to read the recorded data in a CD (” Compact Disc “), in a DVD (” Disc Versátile Digital ” “) and the DB (” Blu-ray Disc “), an engine to rotate the disk and a tray to place them in. Once the data is read, this unit is also responsible for sending them by means of a cable to the main card ( Motherboard) to be processed.

Source: http://adsileoncis396.blogspot.com/2011/06/unidades-lectoras-y-quemadoras-cd-dvd.html

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Burners
CD

The CD burner is a device that will record the data or any type of information on an empty optical compact disk. There is also the CD Rom device that only does the work to read the compact disc. The CD Rom is an optical disc. The maximum possible memory that can be stored in an empty device is approximately 800 super bytes.

Source: http://adsileoncis396.blogspot.com/2011/06/unidades-lectoras-y-quemadoras-cd-dvd.html

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DVDRW

It can read and record and re-record images, sound and data on discs of several gigabytes of capacity, from a capacity of 650 MB to 9 GB

Source: http://adsileoncis396.blogspot.com/2011/0

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BLURAY:

The unit opens and closes its tray either by the user by the button assigned to it or from the computer software. Once placed the Blu-ray, DVD, HD-DVD or CD and the tray inside, an internal mechanism couples the disc with the laser beam and the motor begins the rotation to read the characteristics of the disc. This information is sent to the main card and then to the operating system, which takes control of the unit to receive the data or to send the data to write to the disk.

Source: http://adsileoncis396.blogspot.com/2011/06/unidades-lectoras-y-quemadoras-cd-dvd.html

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Joystick, Control Controls, Headbands, Microphone.

JOYSTICK:

It is a control device of two or three axes that is used from a computer or video game console to a space shuttle or fighter aircraft, passing through cranes.

Source: http: //adsileoncis396.blogspot.com/2011/06/joystick-controles-de-mando-diademas.html

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CONTROL CONTROLS:

  It is an electronic device used to perform a remote operation (or remote control) on a machine.
The term is generally used to refer to the remote control (usually called simply “the command” or, in Latin America, “the control”) for the television or other type of home electronic device, such as DVD, Hi-Fi, computers , and to turn on and off a switch, alarm, or open the parking garage door.

Source: http: //adsileoncis396.blogspot.com/2011/06/joystick-controles-de-mando-diademas.html

Imagen relacionada

DIADEMAS

There are so-called headband microphones which are those, which, as the name implies, adhere to the head like any headband, which allows the user greater comfort no longer need to hold it with their hands, which allows you to perform other activities .

Source: http: //adsileoncis396.blogspot.com/2011/06/joystick-controles-de-mando-diademas.html

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MICROPHONE:

The microphones are the transducers responsible for transforming acoustic energy into electrical energy, allowing, therefore, the recording, storage, transmission and electronic processing of audio signals. They are dual devices of the loudspeakers, both transducers constituting the most significant elements in terms of the sonorous characteristics that they impose on audio signals.

Source: http: //adsileoncis396.blogspot.com/2011/06/joystick-controles-de-mando-diademas.html

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Wired and Wireless Keyboard and Mouse (USB, PS / 2, Bluetooth, Wifi).

WIRE KEYBOARD:
It is an input peripheral or device, partly inspired by the keyboard of typewriters, which uses a set of buttons or keys, to act as mechanical levers or electronic switches that send information to the computer.

Source: http: //definicionhardware.blogspot.com/2011/08/teclado-y-mouse-inalambricos-alambricos.html

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WIRELESS KEYBOARD:
It is usually common keyboards where the communication between the computer and the peripheral is done through infrared rays, radio waves or via Bluetooth.

Source: http: //definicionhardware.blogspot.com/2011/08/teclado-y-mouse-inalambricos-alambricos.html

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MOUSE WIRING:
It is a pointing device used to facilitate the management of a graphic environment on a computer. It is usually made of plastic and is used with one of the hands. it detects its relative movement in two dimensions by the flat surface on which it rests, usually reflected through a pointer or arrow on the monitor.

Source: http: //definicionhardware.blogspot.com/2011/08/teclado-y-mouse-inalambricos-alambricos.html

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WIRELESS MOUSE:
In this case the device lacks a cable of a cable that communicates with the computer, instead uses some type of wireless technology. For this, it requires a receiver that receives the wireless signal that produces, through batteries, the mouse. The receiver is normally connected to the computer through a USB or PS / 2 port

Source:
http://definicionhardware.blogspot.com/2011/08/teclado-y-mouse-inalambricos-alambricos.html

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USB PORTS:
It is a general way of naming an interface through which different types of data can be sent and received. This interface can be physical, or it can be at the Software level (for example, the ports that allow the transmission of data between different computers).

Source: http: //definicionhardware.blogspot.com/2011/08/teclado-y-mouse-inalambricos-alambricos.html

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PUERTO PS / 2
It is a port developed by IBM for connecting the mouse or keyboard to the computer. Most PCs have a PS / 2 port so that the serial port can be used to connect another peripheral.

Source: http: //definicionhardware.blogspot.com/2011/08/teclado-y-mouse-inalambricos-alambricos.html

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BLUETOOTH:
It is an industrial specification for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs) that allows the transmission of voice and data between different devices through a radio frequency link in the ISM band of 2.4 GHz

Source: http: //definicionhardware.blogspot.com/2011/08/teclado-y-mouse-inalambricos-alambricos.html

WIFI
It is a brand of the Wi-Fi Alliance, the commercial organization that adopts, tests and certifies that the equipment complies with the 802.11 standards related to wireless networks in local areas.

Source: http: //definicionhardware.blogspot.com/2011/08/teclado-y-mouse-inalambricos-alambricos.html

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Stabilizers, UPS, IEC connector.

Stabilizers

It is an electronic or electromechanical equipment, designed to give a stabilized voltage at its output (230 Volts or 380 Volts), although at its input the electrical voltage is lower or higher than the utilization value.

Source: https://todosai.com/blog/que-es-un-estabilizador-de-tension-b49.html

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UPS

It is the abbreviation of Uninterrumptible Power System, (Uninterruptible Power System). It is used to power electronic or electrical equipment, which if it is stopped or its operation is disturbed by a power supply problem, is costly, both in money and time, due to loss of information or damage to its components.

Source: https://www.electromisiones.com.ar/blog/que-es-un-ups-y-para-que-sirve/

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IEC connector

(International Electrotechnical Commission) is the common name of the set of thirteen electrical power connectors and thirteen plug-in panels, defined in the IEC 60320 specification (formerly IEC 320) of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).

Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conector_IEC

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Impact printers (Matrix, Non-Matrix), without impact (thermal, injection or ink jet, laser).

Impact Printers

It is the type of printer that is based on the force of impact to transfer the ink to the medium or support (paper, transparencies, etc.) in a similar way to typewriters.

Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impresora_de_impacto

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Matrix

A matrix or dot matrix printer is an impact printer that uses small pins or pins, which, when struck on an ink ribbon, produce exact points on the paper that then make up the text or graphic that is printed.

Source: https://www.ecured.cu/Print_Printer

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Thermal
In a series of hot needles that go through the thermo sensitive paper, which turns black at the contact.1
Because of their low cost, they are widely used in ATMs and supermarkets.
Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impresora_t%C3%A9rmica

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Injection

Inkjet printers work by ejecting ink droplets of different sizes onto the paper. They are the most popular printers today for the general public because of their ability to print quality at low cost.

Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impresora_de_inyecci%C3%B3n

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To be

The laser printer is one of the latest computer printer models. It is characterized by the high quality printing of both texts and images on plain paper. It can print both in black and white and in colors, clearly differentiating from previous models such as the ink jet printer that did not allow high definition graphics.

Source: https://www.definicionabc.com/tecnologia/impresora-laser.php

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Toner, Cartridges, Continuous Ink Systems.

Toner

Toner, also called dry ink by functional analogy with ink, is a fine powder, usually black in color, which is deposited on the paper to be printed by means of electrostatic attraction or magnetography.

Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/T%C3%B3ner

Cartridges

An ink cartridge or inkjet cartridge is a replaceable assembly of a printer containing the ink and, often, also the printhead itself that projects the ink onto the paper during printing.

Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cartucho_de_tinta

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Continuous ink system

A continuous ink system, in English Continuous Ink Supply System (CISS), also known by the names inkjet in bulk, or simply Bulk kit (in English, “in batch”).

Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sistema_continuo_de_tinta

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SBC reduced board computers (Arduino, Raspberry Pi, Orange Pi, Banana Pi)

Reduced plate computers SBC

A computer board or reduced-board computer (in English: Single Board Computer or SBC) is a complete computer in a single circuit. The design focuses on a single microprocessor with RAM, I / O and all other features of a computer
Functional in a single card that is usually of reduced size, and that has everything you need on the motherboard.

Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Placa_computadora

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Arduino

It is an open source and open hardware company as well as an international project and community that designs and manufactures hardware development boards to build digital devices and interactive devices that can detect and control real-world objects.

Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arduino

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Raspberry Pi

Raspberry PI is a low-cost computer board (SBC), one could say that it is a small computer, of the order of a credit card, developed in the United Kingdom by the Raspberry PI Foundation (University of Cambridge) in 2011, with the aim of stimulating the teaching of computers in schools, although it did not start commercialization until 2012.

Source: https: //histinf.blogs.upv.es / 2013/12/18 / raspberry-pi /

Orange Pi
It is a single-board open source computer, based on Raspberry Pi, but lower priced and manufactured by Shenzhen Xunlong Software CO., Limited. It can work with Android versions 4, 6 or 7.0, depending on the model, Ubuntu, Debian, Fedora, Raspbian, ArchLinux, openSUSE, OpenWrt and other operating systems, although the most efficient is Armbian.

Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orange_Pi

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Banana Pi

It is a low-cost, credit card-sized single-card line of computers produced by the Chinese company Shenzhen SINOVOIP Co. Ltd. The hardware design of Banana Pi computers was influenced by the Raspberry Pi.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banana_Pi

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